The "Victims" quickly became one of the most effective, if not feared, lobbying groups on Capitol Hill. Despite their small numbers, they packed enormous clout. They staged media events that were impossible to ignore. One hundred and three days after the tragedy, they gathered in front of the White House with icons of their departed loved ones pinned to their chests. They listened to the performance of a choral work composed by a woman killed in the crash and called for a Senate investigation. They filed lawsuits, buttonholed politicians, and picketed Pan Am. Ultimately, their efforts bore fruit. In 1990, President Bush signed the Aviation Security Improvement Act into law.

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